I’m sure you have been training a lot to increase your muscle mass. You have tried your best to do the best out of your hard work just to achieve your ideal figure. Many fitness professionals tend to overlook how muscles adapt and grow to such extensive exercises. Instead, they just fly off searching for new methods on how to develop muscles.
Different parts of the muscles work in opposite ways. If your triceps contracts, your biceps relaxes. Even though, there are a lot of muscles in the body, muscle growth is not as speedy as you expect to grow. When you apply an initial strength, your body is still in the stage of activating your muscles.
Performing weight lifts is not enough to impose muscle growth. When the rate of muscle protein synthesis increases more than its protein breakdown, muscles are inducing its growth. Muscles grow in two ways: the hyperplasia and hypertrophy.
Hyperplasia occurs when the muscle fibers split multiplying greater number of muscle fibers with the same size of the original muscle fibers. Hyperplasia is found to be damaged muscle fibers. This kind of muscle growth is found to be in the shoulders of swimmers wherein they train at a high speed but with low resistance. Some scientists believe that if the muscle reaches its potential size and splits, it makes space for the muscles to grow even more.
Hypertrophy, on the other hand, has two forms namely sarcomere hypertrophy and sarcoplasmic hypertrophy. Sarcomere hypertrophy is a case where the size of the contracting muscles gradually increases. Sarcoplasmic hypertrophy is the increase of the size of those muscles which are not contracting.
Both are occurring in hypertrophy, but there are some areas you need to focus on. If you are the skinny type and you want to gain weight, sarcoplasmic hypertrophy is for you. However, if you do want to get an improvement by working hard on your training, sarcomere hypertrophy may be beneficial for you.
When muscles work on an exercise, a stimulus is being created in the central nervous system. As the nerve impulses are being released and sent to the muscle fibers, this then leads to the contraction of muscles. Muscles contract because of the stored carbohydrate called glycogen which is used for energy. As the carbohydrate is in the form of chemical energy in the body, it is therefore converted to mechanical energy. And, this is the reason why muscles move and contract.
Many people depend on the kind of exercise they are performing which they think can help them build muscles fast. But the truth is, it is how you do on training and not the exercises that make your muscles grow.
A theory has been introduced that says how a person has the higher potential to muscle building. When a person has 30% more muscle fibers than you have, he has bigger possibilities of gaining bigger muscles. This is because the more fibers he has, the more splitting and repairing of the damaged ones can occur as he does the lifts. Everyone can build muscles. You yourself can train your muscles to work out more so your fibers will be used to splitting and you are able to get the potential of muscle building. However, this is just a theory. This study is on an ongoing research if it can happen on humans.
For continuous muscle growth to occur, consistency of the weight lifts must happen. This does not mean that you have to lift up objects with the same weight. But, do it with an increasing stress on the lift. Each day, you have to increase heavier weight lifts and change your exercises so that more muscle fibers can be torn and damaged ones can be replaced.
Some may even wonder why they cannot even build muscles as they work the hardest in gyms. This is because hypertrophy is sometimes slow in other people. They might not see visible changes after weeks or months. The reason for this is that their nervous system is still on the process of activating the muscles.
One’s muscle can get even stronger without the need for size. This depends on the training volume, frequency, and rep range done in a certain time. Overall, in order to grow muscles, protein and carbohydrate intake should be enough to support protein synthesis. In conclusion, we need to understand first the hidden science behind muscles before engaging into gyms without knowing how.